An advocate has a role in legal affairs, representing or defending an accused person. We stand accused before God because of our sins. Against a holy and righteous God, we have no case. But Jesus (Yeshua‘) stepped in as our advocate and presented a watertight defense based on the penalty that He paid on our behalf. Even this rare name of Jesus has a prophetic precursor in the words of Job.
My Advocate in Hebrew:
Strong’s Concordance number: 7717
Bible reference: Job 16:19
Even now my witness is in heaven;
my advocate is on high. (Job 16:19 NIV)
The KJV has “witness” and the Amplified Bible calls Him “He who vouches for me.”
Advocate in Greek:
Strong’s Concordance number: 3875
Bible reference: 1 John 2:1
My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. (1 John 2:1 KJV)
In the NIV, the same Greek word is translated “advocate” in John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7, other versions have Helper (NASB), Comforter (KJV), and Friend (MSG). The word probably works best in the context of 1 John 2:1.
The Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. (John 14:26 NIV)
In Proverbs 23:11 the Hebrew word go’el, usually translated “redeemer” is given as “advocate” in some versions (Defender NIV, Advocate Msg). In the New Testament, Simeon referred to Jesus the Messiah as the consolation of Israel using the Greek word paraklētos.